The Bonsai Tree
Bonsai trees are stunted, but contrary to popular belief, they are not dwarfed. Bonsai are decorative trees that are grown in an assortment of shallow pots. The bonsai trees are grown in ways that create designs with the shape of the tree. For the amateur gardener, bonsai trees appear to be simple, small trees suppressed by the limited size of their pots. The professional bonsai tree grower sees the bonsai trees as long lasting works of art when dutifully cared for.
Many of the species used for bonsai trees must have a dormant period, that will typically be broken by the temperature and climate of the indoors. These types of trees, are suitable for growing as bonsai trees but do not thrive indoors. These bonsai trees must go dormant or they will not live long.
The Techniques of Bonsai Care
Each of these seven techniques serve a different purpose when tending to bonsai trees. These include:
- leaf trimming,
Leaf trimming and pruning are typically used to maintain the looks and health of the bonsai tree. Wiring, clamping, grafting, defoliation and deadwood are methods used to enhance the overall beauty and design of the bonsai. Each of these methods needs to be done with care, as your bonsai trees can be killed if you over prune, over trim, or otherwise critically damage the root and structure of the bonsai trees.
Bonsai trees require careful watering in order to survive. Each species of bonsai tree is different, and has different watering needs. Over or under watering bonsai trees are among the most common causes of death in these plants.
An important part of tending to bonsai trees is maintaining the pots in which they grow. There are many types of pots available, both glazed and unglazed, that are designed to accent the bonsai grown within them. The pots will be changed over the course of the bonsai’s life, so growers will need to learn how best to select and change the pots. Due to the size of bonsai trees, the pots are typically a significant part of the appearance of the bonsai.
Most bonsai trees will be grown in pots with drainage holes that permit excess moisture from pooling inside the pot and causing root rot. Many growers will use mesh over these holes to prevent pests from entering the pot from the bottom and keep loose soil in the pot.
If you are interested in growing bonsai trees, you should ensure that you live in a good region for the types of trees you want to grow, or you focus on purchasing an indoor variety of bonsai.